India stepped up vacuum gasoil (VGO) exports to the United States this calendar year in an unconventional trade flow for the oil product as the West seeks possibilities to substitute Russian materials, in accordance to traders and knowledge analytics corporations.

The United States and Canada banned Russian oil imports more than Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine, whilst sanctions from the European Union on Russian crude and oil items imports will acquire outcome on Dec. 5 and Feb. 5, respectively.

In the meantime, India, the world’s third-biggest oil importer, has been ramping up Russian crude imports and raising oil item exports to the West for increased margins.

In the most up-to-date transfer, international oil traders Vitol and Trafigura have bought one particular cargo of VGO every from Indian refiner Nayara Energy  in tenders at premiums ranging from $10 to $15 a barrel to Dubai crude offers, current market sources explained.

At these premiums, the cargoes, to load from India’s Vadinar port in December, are likely to head to the United States or Europe, reported the sources.

Prior to this, Aframax tanker Shanghai Dawn loaded at least 80,000 tonnes of VGO from Reliance Industries Ltd’s Jamnagar port, arriving in the United States in late October to early November, delivery knowledge from Vortexa and Refinitiv confirmed.

Nayara Power, Reliance and Vitol did not answer to requests for comments. Trafigura does not comment on particular person shipments, a spokesperson said.

India-US VGO

India’s VGO exports to the United States climbed in 2022 compared with previous 12 months. Only a person cargo loaded from India to the U.S. in May perhaps 2021, Vortexa details showed, when there had been no this kind of fixtures very last yr in accordance to Refinitiv details.

VGO is typically utilized as a refinery feedstock to develop other solutions these kinds of as gasoline and diesel. Russia made use of to be a important VGO provider to U.S. refiners ahead of the Ukraine war broke out.

“Presented that the U.S. is not buying Russian oil, they are wanting for any and all solutions,” reported Roslan Khasawneh, senior gas oil analyst at Vortexa.

“The unusual exports to the U.S. have been also very likely inspired by Indian refinery servicing and weak mild distillate margins,” he stated.

U.S. and EU sanctions do not utilize to refined goods made from Russian crude exported from a third state as they are not of Russian origin.

In India, refiners boosted imports of discounted Russian oil to 793,000 barrels for each working day in between April and Oct, up from just 38,000 bpd in the exact time period a yr in the past, trade facts confirmed. Reliance accounts for about 23% of the purchases and Nayara’s share is about 3%.