Tesla Inc Chief Govt Elon Musk has set his younger company on an aggressive enlargement route like no other vehicle govt has dreamed – but just one riddled with potholes and highway blocks that could stall or sidetrack the journey.

Musk’s audacious purpose of offering 20 million electric autos in 2030 is at the middle of the firm’s advancement promise for shareholders and its pledge to travel the adoption of sustainable electrical power. If obtained, it would make Tesla two times the dimension of any automaker in history, accounting for approximately 20% of the global auto current market.

But this kind of exponential expansion – a 13-fold raise in excess of the believed 1.5 million motor vehicles it hopes to offer this 12 months – will come at an unparalleled value of hundreds of billions of pounds, according to a Reuters evaluation of Tesla’s fiscal disclosures and forecasts for worldwide electric powered car or truck need, EV battery and battery mineral manufacturing.

“I would equate this with the Manhattan Task in Environment War Two,” said producing professional Michael Tracy of The Agile Group, referring to the sweeping hard work by the United States to make an atomic bomb.

Musk’s eyesight poses staggering worries to the 19-calendar year-previous Texas-dependent automaker, not the minimum of which is securing adequate batteries and crucial raw resources this sort of as lithium and nickel to offer 20 million vehicles.

Tesla has been a disruptor, but this future section of expansion, if realized, would go further than disruption to fundamentally remake the international automobile industry as very well as the mining and trade of battery supplies.

Together the way, Tesla would have to have to make 7 or 8 additional “gigafactories” – an common of a single each and every 12 months or so – just take share from every single competitor and emerge as a corporation the measurement of Volkswagen AG and Toyota Motor Corp merged. It would also need to have about 30 times as substantially battery ability to offer all of its motor vehicle factories. (See graphic, https://tmsnrt.rs/3CzDic4 )

The price tag will be steep: Tesla could commit an approximated $400 billion or additional more than the upcoming 8 a long time to construct new car assembly and battery crops close to the globe, and one more $200 billion or extra to build or buy the batteries, together with the value of the raw resources.

Canada, Indonesia, India and other governments are previously lobbying to acquire Tesla’s subsequent investment in EV generation, an announcement Musk has reported could occur by the close of the year.

Producing 20 million autos a 12 months would have to have Tesla to increase both of those its possess battery-making potential, and the capability of its battery partners and the uncooked resources producers that source them.

“Prolonged-term, we are anticipating to make on the get of 3,000 gigawatt several hours or 3 terawatt hrs per calendar year,” Musk instructed investors in July. “I assume we have acquired a good likelihood of achieving this actually just before 2030, but I am very assured that we could do it by 2030.”

Tesla’s present-day battery production ability is 100 gigawatt-several hours.

Benchmark Mineral Intelligence, which tracks the worldwide EV battery business, expects that Tesla will involve 2. million tons of lithium, 1.3 million tons of nickel, .2 million tons of cobalt and 3.5 million tons of graphite to aid generation in 2030 of 3. terawatt-hours of battery generation.

That is four instances as substantially lithium and nickel, twice as considerably cobalt and seven instances as significantly graphite as the total EV business expects to consume in 2022.

Benchmark describes the 2030 targets as “remarkably formidable.”

Tesla did not answer to a in-depth ask for for remark.

The automaker, which hardly ever discloses its supplier interactions, commenced signing offtake agreements with miners and refiners more than a 10 years ago, according to previous Tesla executives interviewed by Reuters, and at present has specials with far more than 20 elements suppliers close to the world (See graphic: https://tmsnrt.rs/3PMZpPc )

The uncooked material potential wanted to aid Tesla’s prepared generation in 2030 does not exist these days, authorities say.

Musk’s profits concentrate on also is dependent on variables over and above Tesla’s management.

Rival automakers are fielding a lot more electric powered motor vehicles to contend with Tesla’s large-quantity Design 3 sedans and Design Y SUVs.

In China, household-grown startups this sort of as Xpeng Inc, Nio Inc and Li Car Inc path Tesla in profits volume, but are developing speedily.

China’s BYD, which sells economical electric powered and hybrid cars, is difficult Tesla globally, even though Ford Motor Co and Rivian Automotive Inc have overwhelmed Tesla to marketplace with electric powered pickup vans, a substantial emerging section in North The usa.

Mike Tracy is skeptical of Musk’s ability to build a world-wide production juggernaut about the upcoming eight a long time with practically double the creation potential of Toyota, at present the world’s biggest automaker by quantity.

“That would be an incredible accomplishment, contemplating it is taken Toyota decades to build that capacity,” he stated.